Program

PO1-2-83

CLINICAL TRIAL OF A STANDARDISED WATER EXTRACT OF THE STEM BARK OF Terminalia arjuna iN HEART FAILURE

[Speaker] Subir Kumar Maulik:1
[Co-author] Sandeep Seth:1, Pamila Dua:1, Balram Bhargava:1, V Wilson:1
1:All India Institute of Medical Sciences, India

The stem bark of Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight and Arn. (Arjuna) is used in Indian system of medicine in various cardiac diseases. A double-blind, parallel, randomized, placebo-controlled add-on clinical trial was designed to assess the add-on efficacy of a standardized water extract of stem bark of Arjuna (Arjuna extract) in heart failure patients on standard pharmacotherapy. Following approval of institutional ethics committee, 100 patients of CHF of New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class II on standard pharmacotherapy having an echocardiographic left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less 4 pc were consecutively recruited with informed consent and randomized to Arjuna extract 750 mg or matching placebo twice daily. The primary outcome measure was change in LVEF at 12 weeks. Secondary outcome measures included changes in (i) NYHA functional class, (ii) distance covered in 6 min walk test (6MWT), (iii) quality of life (QoL), as determined by the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ), (iv) plasma brain natriuretic peptide, (v) plasma cytokines (interleukin-6, high sensitivity C-reactive protein and tumour necrosis factor) and (vi) oxidative stress markers at 6 and 12 weeks. Safety assessment was done by adverse event monitoring and laboratory investigations. Results were expressed as mean SD or median (interquartile range) and analysed with intention-to- treat principle using appropriate two-sided statistical tests. A p -value less 0.05 was considered significant.
Arjuna extract was well-tolerated, but did not change LVEF (24.3 +/-7.1 versus 25.5+/-7.7%; p = 0.4) or secondary outcome measures except preservation of RBC catalase activity [1275(104, 10350) versus 1243.5(104, 10350) U per g haemoglobin; p = 0.01] compared to placebo. Significantly greater percentage improvements occurred in distance covered in 6 MWT, RBC-SOD, RBC catalase, RBC GSH and in symptom severity and stability domains of KCCQ in patients on Arjuna extract versus those on placebo, on a post-hoc analysis, between subgroups of patients who improved in these outcomes.
Conclusion: Arjuna extract did not improve LVEF in CHF patients over 12 weeks, although there was improvement in functional capacity, antioxidant reserves and symptom-related QoL domains in some patients

Advanced Search