TRPC5 channel-Caveolin-1-eNOS signalplexes coordinate interplay between Ca2+ and NO signals in endothelial cells

[Speaker] Reiko Sakaguchi:1
[Co-author] Nobuaki Takahashi:1, Takashi Yoshida:1, Shinichiro Yamamoto:1,3, Yuji Hara:1, Masayuki X Mori:1, Tetsushi Furukawa:2, Shunichi Shimizu:3, Ryuji Inoue:4, Yasuo Mori:1
1:Kyoto University, Japan, 2:Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan, 3:Teikyo Heisei University, Japan, 4:Fukuoka University, Japan

The cell signaling molecules nitric oxide (NO) and Ca2+ regulate diverse biological processes through closely coordinated activities. However, signaling protein complexes referred to as "signalplexes" that underlie the interplay of Ca2+ and NO pathways remain unclear in many tissues and cell types including vascular endothelial cells. Here we demonstrate the physical and functional interaction of the receptor-activated Ca2+-permeable TRPC5 channel with Ca2+-dependent endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) in endothelial cells. Upon stimulation of a G-protein-coupled ATP receptor, Ca2+ influx via receptor-activated TRPC5 channels elicits NO production by eNOS, which in turn induces secondary activation of TRPC5 channels via cysteine S-nitrosylation. TRPC5 is co-immunoprecipitated with eNOS and the scaffolding protein caveolin-1. Mutations in the caveolin-1-binding domains of both TRPC5 and eNOS impair their association and also disrupt Ca2+ influx and NO production, suggesting that caveolin-1 is the scaffold around which TRPC5 and eNOS assemble into the signalplex. Interestingly, intracellular Ca2+ elevation dissociates eNOS from caveolin-1 but enhances the association between TRPC5 and eNOS at the plasma membrane. This relieves eNOS from negative regulation by caveolin-1 and may enhance the production of NO in the vicinity of TRPC5, leading to an efficient secondary activation of TRPC5 via S-nitrosylation. Thus, our study provides evidence that TRPC5 channel-cavolin-1-eNOS signalplexes are critical in coordinating NO and Ca2+ signaling in vascular endothelial cells.

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