Glucuronidation is the dominating in-vivo metabolism pathway of herbacetin: Elucidation of herbacetin pharmacokinetics after intravenous and oral administration in rats

[Speaker] Te Qi:1
[Co-author] Bei-Kang Ge:1, Liang Zhao:1, Ming Xue:1
1:Pharmacology, Capital Medical University, China

To map a comprehensive metabolic pathway of herbacetin in rats. Specifically, to elucidate the biotransformation of herbacetin in vivo and to simultaneously monitor the pharmacokinetic process of both parent drug and its major metabolites.
liquid chromatography/ion trap mass spectrometry and ultra-liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry were combined in the current study for qualitative and quantitative determinations of herbacetin and its metabolites in bile, urine and feces after both oral and intravenous administration of herbacetin to rats. Enzyme kinetic studies on the intestinal and hepatic metabolism of herbacetin were further conducted to elucidate metabolic profiles of herbacetin in rat tissues and organs.Additionally, plasma concentration profiles of herbacetin and herbacetin metabolites in rats were obtained to characterize the overall pharmacokinetic behavior of herbacetin.

It was found that herbacetin was excreted primarily from rat urine in the form of glucuronide-conjugations. Subsequent in vitro enzyme kinetic studies and in vivo pharmacokinetic investigations suggested an extensive hepatic metabolism of herbacetin and the high exposure of herbacetin-glucuronides in systemic circulation. The clearance(CL), half-life(t1/2) and bioavailability(F) of herbacetin in rats were determined as 16.4±1.92 ml/kg/min, 11.9±2.7 min, and 1.32%, respectively. On basis of these findings, a comprehensive metabolic pathway of herbacetin in rats was composed. In addition, a Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic(PBPK) model was successfully developed with the aid of GastroPlus to simulate the pharmacokinetic process of herbacetin in rats.Application of PBPK modeling can provide a useful starting point to understand and extrapolate pharmacokinetic parameters among different species, populations,and disease states.
After oral administration, herbacetin was subjected to colonic degradation and extensive first pass metabolism, with glucuronidation as its dominating in vivo metabolism pathway.
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