Comparison of costs of different biologic therapies after dose optimization

[Speaker] Vladimir Borzan:1,2
[Co-author] Vlasta Orsic Fric:1,2, Biljana Borzan:2
1:Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Clinical Hospital Center Osijek, Croatia, 2:Faculty of Medicine, J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Croatia

In Croatia, in the treatment of IBD, anti-tumour necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF) agents infliximab, adalimumab and golimumab, and anti-integrin antibody vedolizumab are available. In patients achieving remission with anti-TNFs, loss of response should be treated firstly by dose optimization (dose increase or interval shortening). Our aim was to compare costs of different biologic therapies considering the costs of dose optimization.

During March of 2017, we collected data of 91 patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis currently receiving biologic therapy at the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology of Clinical Hospital Centre Osijek, Croatia. Data of our interest were: diagnosis, drug used, date of first and last drug application, projected date of next application, drug dosage of last application, and data of whether patient is receiving induction or maintenance therapy. We calculated the projected yearly cost of maintenance therapy with each biologic drug including costs of dose optimization. Projected yearly costs of maintenance therapy with different biologics were then compared. Drug prices were obtained from currently active list of medications of Croatian Health Insurance Fund.

19% of our patients on infliximab and 26% of our patients on adalimumab had dose optimization due to loss of response. Projected average yearly dose per patient for infliximab considering dose optimization is 3053 mg/y compared to yearly dose recommended in summary of product characteristics (SmPC), which is 2600 mg/y. For adalimumab, projected average yearly dose per patient considering dose optimization is 1337 mg/y compared to 1040 mg/y recommended in SmPC. Projected cost of maintenance therapy per year after dose optimization is 1.2 times higher (12824 vs. 10920 EUR) for infliximab and 1.3 times higher (16055 vs. 12487 EUR) for adalimumab when comparing to costs of maintenance therapy in doses recommended in SmPC. Results are presented in table 1.

As our results show, costs of maintenance therapy for certain biologics are higher when considering dose optimization. Costs of dose optimization should be considered in pharmacoeconomic justificiation of use of different biologic therapies in inflammatory bowel disease.

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